Efficacy of the Health Belief Model in Enhancing Weight Loss Behaviors to Prevent Stroke among Overweight and Obese Geriatrics Homes Residents in Baghdad City

Mohmmed Qassim Baktash/ Arkan Bahlol Naji

Abstract


Background: Stroke is the third leading cause of death in Iraq exceeding only by coronary heart disease and war related death. Ageing with overweight plays a critical role in predisposing people to stroke; weight loss behaviors can have profound effect in protecting seniors with obesity from stroke. Aim of study: The study aims to assess the efficacy of the Health Belief Model in enhancing weight loss behaviors to prevent stroke among overweight and obese geriatrics homes residents in Baghdad city. Methods: This study used a randomized controlled trial approach. Sixty-three seniors from Baghdad geriatrics homes with BMI > 25 Kg/m2 participated in the study and randomly allocated into one of two groups, experimental (intervention group) and control (nonintervention group). A mixed design analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to measure the change among participant’s beliefs over three times (T1, T2, and T3(

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