Municipal Solid Waste Quantity, Ingredients, and Site Disposal Problems in Pshdar District in Sulaimanyah: Iraqi Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Araz A. Hamza


Over the past years, the high generation of municipal solid waste has been identified as a considerable global environmental issue, due to population growth, economic development, and the industrial revolution. The present research study was conducted to evaluate the quantity, ingredients, and generation of municipal solid waste (MSW) in Pshdar district during winter and summer in 2019. The results revealed that the average of solid waste production in the district reached 94 tons/day and 0.761kg-capita/day. The most abundant MSW constituents are organic matter forming 75.71% of MSW of the district, followed by 13.18% of plastic content and the least ingredient is metal 0.93%. While the average ratio of paper and cardboard, textile and leather, and glass waste ingredients are 3.74%, 4.85%, and 1.66% respectively. The seasonal effect on solid waste content has been observed obviously in this research, more specifically in organic matter and textile & leather, as well as in waste generation rate. Organic matter increased from 70.73% to 80.68% from winter to summer, while, percentage of textile and leather significantly declined from 6.93% to 2.76% from winter to summer. Similarly, waste generation rate was reduced from wet to dry season from 0.846kg-cap/day to 0.676kg-cap/day.

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