A Comparative Study Between of Effect of Tramadol and Xylazine as Premedication Those Followed by Ketamine Anesthesia in Dogs

Mohammad T. Naqi Al Bayati


The analgesic effects of Tramadol and Xylazine as a preanesthetic in followed by Ketamine in adult dogs. A twelve male was randomly divided in to three groups . first group serves as control group  given normal saline, a second 4mg /kg B.W. i.m. of Tramadol  and third group 1 mg/kg B.W. i.m.  Xylazine premedication, was then administered intramuscular followed by Ketamine anesthesia at dose 5 mg/kg B.w.. The behavioral changes, the duration of surgical anesthesia, and biochemical parameters. Xylazine  pretreatment significantly (P<0.05) increased the degree of sedation when compared with the control. The duration of surgical anesthesia was significantly (P<0.05) increased by Tramadol  pretreatment when compared with control group. There were no significant (P<0.05) differences in biochemical tests total Protein, Creatinine, Alanine Transaminase ALT and Aspartate Transaminase AST among the groups. This result suggests that intrmuscular Tramadol at 4mg /kg is a useful preanesthetic agent for extending the surgical level of anesthesia in ketamine anesthesia in dogs.

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.