Maternal Risk Factors Associated with Low Birth Weight in Ibn al-Baladi Hospital in Baghdad Governorate

Dr. Muna Abdul-Kadhum Zeidan

Abstract


Background: low birth weight is a reliable indicator in monitoring and evaluating the success of maternal and child health programs and has been defined as a birthweight less than 2500 grams.                               

Aims of study: to determine the mean birthweight of the studied sample and to identify factors associated with the low birth weight.                                                                                                                                                                                                            

Methodology: A cross-sectional study conducted in Baghdad in Ibn Al-Baladi hospital.  Sampling was convenient & sample size was 200. The study started from 1st October 2016 to 30th March 2017.  Data was collected by questionnaire to obtain social- demographic information.  

Results: The result shows that mean weight of cases was 2.09 kg as compared to 3.5kg in controls, and the 12% were illiterate. About (36.9%) of the women with low birthweight  were mainly at less than 37 weeks of gestation age , the number of women who had more than one child was higher among LBW than among normal birthweight. Analysis of results by (chi-square test) show that low educational level, preterm, short birth space interval less than 2 years, and multigravida, and low ANC visits and smoking were significant factors associated with low birthweight                                                                                                 

Conclusions: This study shows the low educational level, medical and ○obstetric and low visit t○ antenatal clinic and smoking factors have strong association with low birth weight.

Recommendation: The study re commended that re gular health education program through mass media and regular education program in ANC units for pregnant women to avoiding LBW babies.                                                                                                                               

 Keywords: low birth, weight, Factors, mother, Baghdad.  


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