Smoking Behavior Among Patients With Coronary Artery Diseases

*Dr. Rajha A.H. Al-kassar

Abstract


Abstract

Coronary Heart Diseases CHD are a global health problem which strikes millions of people worldwide and causing life time severs disability.

Objective: to determine the impact of smoking behavior on patients with Coronary Artery Diseases.

Method: A descriptive quantitative study is carried out at al sadder medical city from Feb.23, 2012 to April 15,2012 A simple randomized sample of 60 coronary Artery diseases patients who were admitted to the Al-sadder medical city. The data were collected through the use of semi-constructed questionnaire which consists of two parts; the first part consist (age, gender, educational level, marital status, diagnosis, duration of illness) and second part consist of (smoking behavior of the patients before and after CAD, kind of smoking, number cigarettes smoking, and period of smoking before and after CAD occurrence, source of smoking, reason discourage from quitting smoking, and the source of advice to stop smoking). After gathering the data, the information was statistically analyzed through the application of percentage and frequency by using ( SPSS) version 16.0.

Results: about (46.7%) of the patients were diagnosed with Angina. About (76.7%) of the patients have duration of illness from (1-10) years. (66.7%) of the patients were current smokers before CAD. And (38.3%) of patients were still persistent in smoking after CAD occurrence. (85%) of the patients were smoking cigarettes only and about (15%) smoke cigarettes and waterpipe. And (40%) of the patients the source in smoking behavior was the friends.

Conclusion: The study concluded that Coronary Artery Disease occurs in people with smoking behavior. Moreover, smoking behavior affected negatively on patients with coronary heart disease.

Recommendations: the enactment from the Parliament to ban smoking in public places and to implement systematic smoking cessation programs to promote CAD patients' motivation to quit smoking, and great a preventive center to improve community awareness about the harms of smoking.

Keywords: Impact, smoking behavior, patients with Coronary Artery Diseases


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