INFLUENCE OF FECL3 ON MATERIAL REMOVAL RATE AND SURFACE ROUGHNESS IN CHEMICAL MACHINING PROCESS

Abbas F. Ibrahim, Ahmed b. Abdulwahhab, Alaa H. Shabeeb

Abstract


Non-traditional machining process is more used to manufacture geometrically complicated and an accurate parts for electronics, aerospace and automotive industries. Chemical machining process is one of non-traditional machining methods, it is as well named as chemical etching. The current research is aimed to study the influence of the machining time, machining temperature, etching solution concentration on the material removal rate and surface roughness of aluminum alloy by using mix of acid FeCl3. There are three of machining temperatures (25, 30 and 35 ºC) with three machining times (4, 8, and 12min) and etching solution concentration (25%, 50%, and 75%) were used as machining conditions. These conditions are significant variables that have effect on finishing performance of chemically machined aluminum alloy. Machining time has the greatest effect among these variables. The time is the most important parameter for maximum Material Removal Rate (MRR), and the interaction between temperature and etchant concentration is the next important parameter for maximum MRR. The time is the greatest parameter for minimum Ra, the interaction between time and temperature is the next significant parameter for less Ra.


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